Download PDF by Daniel H. H. Ingalls Sr., Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, M. V.: The Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana With the Locana of

By Daniel H. H. Ingalls Sr., Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, M. V. Patwardhan

ISBN-10: 0674202783

ISBN-13: 9780674202788

For almost 1000 years the bright research of aesthetic adventure set forth within the Locana of Abhinavagupta, India's founding literary critic, has ruled conventional Indian conception on poetics and aesthetics. The Locana, awarded right here in English translation for the 1st time, is a observation at the ninth-century Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana, that's itself the pivotal paintings within the background of Indian poetics.

The Dhvanyaloka revolutionized Sanskrit literary conception through featuring that the most aim of excellent poetry is the evocation of a temper or "flavor" (rasa) and that this technique should be defined in basic terms through spotting a semantic energy past denotation and metaphor, particularly, the ability of advice. at the foundation of this research the Locana develops a thought of the psychology of aesthetic response.

This version is the 1st to make the 2 such a lot influential works of conventional Sanskrit literary and aesthetic conception totally available to readers who need to know extra approximately Sanskrit literature. The editorial annotations provide the main whole exposition to be had of the background and content material of those works. additionally, the verses provided as examples via either authors (offered right here in verse translation) shape an anthology of a few of the best Sanskrit and Prakrit poetry.

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Sample text

To continue with a listing of interesting or illuminating passages in Abhinava’s commentary would be otiose. The translation is here for the reader to find them on his own. I would sum up my opinion of Abhinava’s work in the Locana by saying th at he accomplishes ad­ mirably what he set out to do. He expresses Änanda’s views more logically than Änanda expressed them; he defends them against those who had opposed them. Under the provocation of Bhattanäyaka he develops the concept of rasa into something different from what I be­ lieve Änanda envisaged, but the new concept is more consistent than Ananda’s and was to become, after M am m ata’s incorporation of it in his Kävyaprakäsa, the leading view of rasa in Indian criticism.

99 Sthäy» bhävo mvkhyarämädisthäyyanukaranarüpo ’nukaranarüpatväd eva ca nämäntarena vyapadisto rasah^ A BK. 31 (Vol. I, p. 272, two lines from bottom of page; given also by Gnoli, The Aesthetic Experience, p. 4, lines 8-9). 3-4). 4 a L. note 4. Introduction 19 who was so saddened by the wailing of the curlew bird who had lost its m ate th at Valmlki’s grief (soka. the basic emotion) was transformed into the tragic rasa of the Rämäyana (Dhv. 5 K and A). The notion of Abhinava th at Vâlmïki rum inated on the determinants and consequents of the bird’s bereavement and so developed his rasa in the scriptural way strikes me as an addition quite foreign to the view of Ananda.

W hether the literary studies followed or, as I should think, preceded the works on the philosophy of recognition, is not certain. 8 L and note 3), but this proves only that he was acquainted with the works of U tpala at that time, not that he had already commented on them. G. 69), giving much the same interpretation as th at given in his Bhagavadgïtàrthasangraha (see Dhv. 1b L and note 3). This likewise does not prove th at he had already written that work. It would take more space than I propose to allow myself and more knowledge than I possess to give an account of Abhinava’s entire con­ tribution to Indian thought.

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The Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana With the Locana of Abhinavagupta by Daniel H. H. Ingalls Sr., Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, M. V. Patwardhan

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