By Peter Finck, Uwe Riecken, Eckhard Schröder (auth.), Dr. Bernd Redecker, Prof. Dr. Werner Härdtle, Dr. Peter Finck, Dr. Uwe Riecken, Dr. Eckhard Schröder (eds.)
Numerous ecu landscapes and habitats - either ordinary and cultural - built and endured throughout the actions of huge herbivores. in lots of instances those landscapes have been characterised initially by means of a excessive point of biodiversity and are consequently of notable significance from a nature conservation point of view. besides the fact that, a result of ongoing intensification and industrialization of agricultural land use up to now many years, species and habitats - particularly these of open and semi-open components - became more and more endangered. moreover, the rest extra largely used websites are liable to abandonment. in numerous eu international locations the institution and upkeep of "pasture landscapes" with a combined personality of open grassland, shrubs and forests has been famous as an appropriate process, delivering ideas for either nature conservation and standard farming platforms. according to the necessity to alternate rules and stories on a eu point, the college of Lüneburg and the German Federal service provider for Nature Conservation geared up the first foreign Workshop on Pasture Landscapes and Nature Conservation in March 2001. The ensuing complaints offer an outline of the significance of latest pastoral structures, nature conservation rules and techniques and current the result of medical study and sensible adventure with large-scale grazing systems.
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Additional info for Pasture Landscapes and Nature Conservation
Development of Heck cattle in Oostvaardersplassen It is a recent area, until 1965 the lake was used for fishing. The polder was reclaimed in 1968. Originally, the area that is now the Oostvaardersplassen was planned to become an industrial area. Because of the economic recession in the 1970s, the area was left to itself and nature proliferated. The area is now highly acclaimed: it has even been awarded the European Diploma of the Council of Europe. In 1983 about 35 Heck cattle were introduced; more were introduced in 1987 and 1989.
Given the conditions of the nature reserves, however, it is not always possible for site managers to remove dead bodies. The manager must always, whatever the circumstances, take steps to eliminate the risk of infection. Veterinarian researchers have shown that the risks of dead animals in the field in so far as they have not died from a contagious disease are slight and can easily be managed. They do however warn of the possible risk of botulism which easily develops in dead organic material in hot weather.
Too little is known still about the precise influence of grazing on the ecosystem, and until now unfortunately not much accessible has been written about this grazed heathland. It is clear that grazing is more natural than mechanical management. 3 Animal welfare and healthcare A number of questions will always recur in discussing animal health and welfare, such as: • When is an animal ill from natural causes, and when is human intervention required? • What are the obligations of the manager? • What are the rights ofthe animals?
Pasture Landscapes and Nature Conservation by Peter Finck, Uwe Riecken, Eckhard Schröder (auth.), Dr. Bernd Redecker, Prof. Dr. Werner Härdtle, Dr. Peter Finck, Dr. Uwe Riecken, Dr. Eckhard Schröder (eds.)