By Federico Morelli, Piotr Tryjanowski
This ebook is helping to set up an easy framework to spot and use poultry species as a bioindicator for prime nature worth (HNV) farmlands.
This e-book makes a speciality of appropriate tools for tracking the HNV parts, and offers the result of a number of case experiences. The chapters recommend how you can combine ecosystems overview, geographical details platforms (GIS) and methods for conservation of neighborhood biodiversity. An leading edge framework makes a speciality of using species distribution versions (SDMs) with the intention to discover the significance of every attribute of HNV farmlands.
Furthermore, the ebook examines the relationships between chicken species richness, land use range and panorama metrics at an area scale within the farmlands.
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Extra info for Birds as Useful Indicators of High Nature Value Farmlands: Using Species Distribution Models as a Tool for Monitoring the Health of Agro-ecosystems
Near-natural meadows, herbaceous edges of forests, roads, streams and waterbodies), urban areas (small villages in this case), water bodies, agricultural grasslands and arable land. Simple landscape metrics (the percentages of the categories, ED and MPS at the landscape level, and the diversity metrics PR, Shannon diversity and SIDI) were computed using the basic tools of ArcGIS and MS Excel. Principal component analysis (PCA) in Canoco 5 software was employed to explore whether the landscape metrics were able to distinguish some types of landscape.
45. Fahrig L. Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst [Internet]. O. Box 10139, Palo Alto, CA 94303-0139, USA 2003 Nov [cited 2016 Oct 12];34(1):487–515. 132419 46. Diamond JM. The island dilemma: lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of natural reserves. Biol Conserv Elsevier. 1975;7(2):129–46. 47. Hanski I. Spatially realistic theory of metapopulation ecology. Naturwissenschaften [Internet]. 2001 Sep [cited 2016 Oct 12];88(9):372–81. gov/ pubmed/11688412 ¨ llerer K, Sas I, Demeter L, Rusti D, et al.
One of the most comprehensive overviews of the metrics is presented in the FRAGSTATS software documentation , where the reader is given a deep theoretical background for using metrics in landscapes and ecological studies, as well as their description, interpretation, limitations, formulas and domains. As shown in the landscape metrics case study at the end of this chapter, the simplest way to identify types of farmland with different levels of natural value can be to employ a combination of areas of main habitat (land cover) types, density metrics and diversity metrics.
Birds as Useful Indicators of High Nature Value Farmlands: Using Species Distribution Models as a Tool for Monitoring the Health of Agro-ecosystems by Federico Morelli, Piotr Tryjanowski