By Aristotle (author), William Charlton (translator and editor)
Within the first books of the Physics Aristotle discusses philosophical concerns excited about the research of the actual universe. He introduces his contrast among shape and topic and his fourfold class of explanations or explanatory components, and defends teleological clarification. those books as a result shape a ordinary access into Aristotle's procedure as a complete, and in addition occupy a massive position within the heritage of clinical idea. the current quantity offers a detailed literal translation, which are utilized by critical scholars with no Greek. The creation and remark take care of the translation and evaluation, from a philosophical point of view, of what Aristotle says. This translation used to be first released in 1970.
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Additional info for Aristotle Physics: Books I and II (Clarendon Aristotle Series)
Again, there is the 30 primary source of the change or the staying unchanged: for 28 W. 3 TRANSLATION 19S*aa example, the man who has deliberated is a cause, the father is a cause of the child, and in general that which makes something of that which is made,* and that which changes something of that which is changed. And again, a thing may be a cause as the end. That is what something is for, as health might be what a walk is for. On account of what does he walk? We answer 'To keep fit' and think that, in saying that, we have given the cause.
And any of i95*aa 3° II. 3 TRANSLATION i 9 6'4 them may be actual or possible. What difference does that make ? Those causes which are particular and actual, are and are not simultaneously with the things of which they are causes. Thus there is a particular man actually doctoring as long as there is a particular man actually being healed, and a particular man actually building as long as there is a particular building actually being built. With causes which are merely possible, the same does not always hold: the builder and the house do not pass away at the same time.
If, then, that which is in accordance with art is for something, clearly so is that which is in accordance with nature. The relation of that which comes after to that which goes before is the same in both. ao The point is most obvious if you look at those animals other than men, which make things not by art, and without carrying out inquiries or deliberation. Spiders, ants, and the like have led people to wonder how they accomplish what they do, if not by mind. Descend a little further, and you will 25 find things coming to be which conduce to an end even in plants, for instance leaves for the protection offruit.
Aristotle Physics: Books I and II (Clarendon Aristotle Series) by Aristotle (author), William Charlton (translator and editor)