Ipke Wachsmuth, Jan de Ruiter, Petra Jaecks, Stefan Kopp's Alignment in Communication: Towards a new theory of PDF

By Ipke Wachsmuth, Jan de Ruiter, Petra Jaecks, Stefan Kopp

ISBN-10: 9027204608

ISBN-13: 9789027204608

Alignment in Communication is a singular path in conversation examine, which specializes in interactive version tactics assumed to be roughly automated in people. It bargains an alternative choice to proven theories of human communique and likewise has very important implications for human-machine interplay. a suite of articles by means of overseas researchers in linguistics, psychology, synthetic intelligence, and social robotics, this publication presents facts on why such alignment happens and the function it performs in communique. Complemented via a dialogue of methodologies and explanatory frameworks from discussion concept, it offers cornerstones of an rising new conception of communique. the last word function is to increase our wisdom approximately human verbal exchange, in addition to making a starting place for average multimodal discussion in human-machine interplay. Its cross-disciplinary nature makes the ebook an invaluable reference for cognitive scientists, linguists, psychologists, and language philosophers, in addition to engineers constructing conversational brokers and social robots.

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Additional resources for Alignment in Communication: Towards a new theory of communication

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Concerning the first issue, we could, for example, adopt the definition of information given by Shannon and Weaver (1949). The problem with this definition is that it characterizes a notion of information that is equally relevant for human communication and physical processes. This can be seen as an attractive unifying feature, as was suggested by Fred Dretske in the “flow of information” (Dretske, 1981) and later continued in so called “situation semantics” (cf. Barwise and Perry, 1983). The problem with this attempt becomes clear when we consider the second issue – “veridicality”.

This depends on the communicative goal of the speaker, and is governed by the famous Gricean maxims. If I want to complain about excrement falling from the sky on my car, I might complain about a “bird”, but if I’m an ornithologist  Jan de Ruiter wanting to impress my colleagues, I might report having spotted a “red kite”. Instructing participants to say certain things given a certain combination of task and stimulus may result in the experiment actually not tapping communicative behaviour, but rather pre-learned stimulus-response behaviour that would not be relevant to the production of a referring expression “in the wild” (see also Kingstone, Smilek, & Eastwood, 2008).

1996). Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22(6), 1482–1493. Clark, H. H. (1979). Responding to indirect speech acts. Cognitive Psychology, 11(4), 430–477. Clark, H. , & Bangerter, A. (2004). Changing ideas about reference. In A. Noveck & D. ), Experimental pragmatics (pp. 25–49). New York: Palgrave McMillan. Clark, H. , & Fox Tree, J. E. (2002). Using uh and um in spontaneous speaking. Cognition, 84, 73–111.

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Alignment in Communication: Towards a new theory of communication by Ipke Wachsmuth, Jan de Ruiter, Petra Jaecks, Stefan Kopp

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