By Pier Paolo Battistelli
Osprey Command sequence #27
Although he's in most cases remembered for his half within the crusade in Italy from 1943 to 1945, Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring used to be additionally leader of employees of the Luftwaffe in 1936-37, taking part in an important function within the shaping of the provider for the arriving struggle. As commander of Luftflotte 1 in Poland and Luftflotte 2 in France and the Low nations, he was once answerable for aiding the armoured spearheads of the German military as they undertook their Blitzkrieg campaigns. With the autumn of France, the conflict of england started and Luftlotte 2 used to be the most strength within the air assault opposed to the British air defences, with Kesselring making plans many raids. Following the warfare Kesselring used to be attempted and convicted of battle crimes following a couple of massacres of civilians in Italy. He was once sentenced to loss of life, later commuted to lifestyles imprisonment sooner than being published at the grounds of in poor health overall healthiness in October 1952. right here Pier Paolo Battistelli offers an in depth learn of 1 of the main well-known German commanders of global struggle II.
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Extra info for Albert Kesselring: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and Battlefield Experiences of the Greatest Commanders of History
Com Tri V rn STA fe GU o IDA Bi xx First Battle of Cassino and Anzio, 18–22 January 1944 iri 43 Generalleutnant Richard Heidrich, commander of 1. Fallschirmjäger-Division during the Cassino battles, describes the situation to Kesselring, who observes the maps while seated at the table. (Count Ernesto G. Vitetti) Panzergrenadier) while another eight divisions, and three infantry divisions on the Adriatic, were deployed at Cassino (four infantry, one mountain, two Panzergrenadier, one Fallschirmjäger).
However, this is balanced by the fact that Luftwaffe intelligence produced notoriously inflated figures about the destruction of enemy aircraft, which meant that judgements made by German air commanders were inaccurate during both the campaigns in Western Europe of May–June 1940 and the Battle of Britain. Kesselring was undoubtedly an optimist, but he was working with poor intelligence data. In the early stages of the Italian campaign, however, Kesselring’s optimism was rooted in reality and he produced a better assessment of the situation than Rommel.
He was, in Vietinghoff’s words, a strong personality, a first-class organizer and a charming person, who made his headquarters a very welcoming place. On the other hand, he was excessively close to Hitler, to whom he remained loyal until the very end, and for this reason he was an advocate of static, rigid defence. Vietinghoff, a former Panzer troop commander, claims that he himself advocated a mobile defence that would have offered the same resistance against the Allied advance but with fewer sacrifices.
Albert Kesselring: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and Battlefield Experiences of the Greatest Commanders of History by Pier Paolo Battistelli