By Neil Levy
This ebook brings jointly a suite of papers, many which develop out of shows at a convention in Oxford in 2009 on dependancy and strength of mind, via a collection of thinkers who're united in believing that realizing business enterprise and screw ups of employer calls for engagement with the easiest technology. The papers it collects makes an attempt to light up the mechanisms concerned with habit and thereby to appreciate to what measure and in what methods activities pushed by way of habit are managed by means of the agent, convey his or her will or values, and the level to which addicts are liable for what they do. the various papers concentrate on the neuropsychological mechanisms concerned, in particular at the position of the midbrain dopamine procedure. Others concentrate on positive aspects of the habit and the level to which we will infer mental mechanisms from habit. The authors debate the simplest interpretation of the clinical facts and the way the medical proof bears upon, or can purely be comprehend within the mild of, philosophical theorizing approximately organization, regulate and accountability.
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Extra resources for Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience
American Psychologist 32, 593–603. J. (1997) The Matching Law: Papers in Psychology and Economics. H. Rachlin & D. Sage. , & Ross, D. (2010) The relationship between addiction and reward: An experiment comparing smokers and non-smokers. Addiction 106, 402–409. A. (2007) Neural ensembles in CA3 transiently encode paths forward of the animal at a decision point. Journal of Neuroscience 12, 483–488. N. (1997) Bidding on the future: Evidence against normative discounting of delayed rewards. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126, 54–70.
A. Nevin, & H. ), Quantitative Analyses of Behavior V: The Effect of Delay and of Intervening Events on Reinforcement Value. Erlbaum, 55–73. D. (2011) What differentiates professional poker players from recreational poker players? A qualitative interview study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction XX, 1–15. T. (1963) Stratagems for controlling pain: Contributions of auditory stimulation and suggestion. Experimental Neurology 8, 239–247. Mintoff, J. (2004) Rule worship and the stability of intention.
Furthermore, for most people the long-term hedonic value of risk is better exploited in economic and social activities that have a wider range of choices and outcomes than are available in the stereotyped bets of conventional gambling games. The value of money has a significant MacGuffin component in many of a wealthy society’s activities—when we pursue it as a token of accomplishment or victory rather than for the sake of what we plan to buy with it (see also Lea & Webley, 2006). However, we nowhere see it separated from its instrumental purpose as much as we do in addictive gambling.
Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience by Neil Levy