By John Norris
The German 88 mm was once by means of a ways the main well-known and flexible artillery weapon of global conflict II. It was once first used as an anti-aircraft weapon by means of the Condor Legion in the course of the Spanish Civil battle and observed extra carrier within the German invasions of Poland and France, the place it used to be first utilized in its anti-tank function. This function used to be fairly winning and the 88 turned feared by way of tank crews from North Africa to Russia. except those major roles the 88 mm used to be used because the major weapon on late-war German tanks, as a self-propelled gun, or even as an aerial weapon. This e-book covers a lot of these versions, explaining their layout, improvement and operational use.
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Extra info for 88 mm FlaK 18/36/37/41 and PaK 43 1936-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 46)
The flamethrower was mounted through the gunner’s telescopee opening on the left side of the gun, limiting the gunner to the use of the auxiliary periscopic gun sight on the turret roof. Production of the POA-CWS-H5 began in 1945 and the first examples were shipped to Okinawa. They did not arrive in time and were earmarked for the invasion of Japan. This type remained in service after the war with the US Marine Corps, and saw combat again in 1950 in Korea. In August 1944, the Army requested that the CWS develop a standardized main gun flamethrower on a medium tank to replace the E7-7 on the M5A1 light tank.
During the course of the battle for Okinawa, the 713th AFT Battalion lost seven men killed and 112 wounded or missing; against this, the battalion was credited with killing about 4,800 Japanese troops. A total of 630 flame sorties were conducted, expending 199,950gal of fuel, mostly thickened fuel using 6 percent napalm. Of the battalion’s 54 flame tanks, 41 were knocked out during the fighting, of which 26 were repaired and 15 were lost beyond repair. The most common source of tank losses was antitank guns and mines (eight each); one tank was lost at the outset of the campaign when it fell into a shell hole during the landing operation and had to be written off due to salt water damage.
During May 1945, the battalion burned 49,000gal of fuel in their flame attacks. The fighting continued into southern Okinawa in the third week of June when the final organized Japanese defenses were overcome. During the course of the battle for Okinawa, the 713th AFT Battalion lost seven men killed and 112 wounded or missing; against this, the battalion was credited with killing about 4,800 Japanese troops. A total of 630 flame sorties were conducted, expending 199,950gal of fuel, mostly thickened fuel using 6 percent napalm.
88 mm FlaK 18/36/37/41 and PaK 43 1936-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 46) by John Norris